A real estate sale agreement that provides for the sale on terms agreed between the parties (sales contract or ATS) does not in itself create any interest in the property or a charge. Section 54 of the Property Transfer Act, 1882 (TPA), defines the sale as a transfer of ownership at a price and provides that the sale of land worth more than 100 INR (cent) can only be done by a registered instrument. It should be noted that section 54 does not provide for the mandatory registration of the deed of sale, that is, the instrument used for the sale of real estate, but does not require the registration of the ATS. Ownership of all land should be clear and marketable, and it is said that it is done as such when executing the deed of sale. However, in practice, buyers make a sales contract as a precautionary measure, although they are aware that it does not create title to a property. A deed of sale is considered an authentic instrument and also establishes a clear title to the property, since it is a document subject to the obligation, pursuant to Section 17, paragraph 1, of the Registration Act 1908. However, section 13 of the RERA Act 20161 stipulates that a sales contract must be registered. Although this is not the case with the Registration Act 1908. Therefore, the validity of the sale agreement always becomes an unresolved conflict. By analyzing the provision, we can understand that the document listed in it is an agreement for sale.
Moreover, the fact that the agreement on the sale as such falls within the category of Article 17, paragraph 2, of the Registration Act as a non-binding document. Therefore, it should be concluded that the RERA Act 2016 on the Law of Registration in Power must be sold for the purposes of the agreement, because the sale agreement does not provide clear title, but can be implemented in court, in accordance with the provisions of the RERA Act 2016. A sale agreement is an instrument by which the seller agrees to transfer the property to a buyer if certain conditions are required, but does not create the buyer`s property on the property. This question arises because the registration of documents is usually made to guarantee a clear right and ownership of the property to the buyer. A sale agreement as such does not constitute a clear property of the property. In the case of Durgawati Devi/Union of India2, the Supreme Court ruled that the execution of the sale contract did not entrust ownership of the property and that the property would be transferred only by transportation authorization. A sale agreement is an agreement in which the seller promises to transfer the future ownership of the property to certain conditions. However, the analysis of Section 13, paragraph 1 of the RERA Act 2016 states that a sale agreement must be registered under existing law for the time being, which means that a sale agreement is registered in accordance with the provisions of the Registration Act 1908.